| 公會簡介 |
The organization was founded in January 1930 in Shanghai. After the
Law on Civic Organization and the Medical Practitioners Law was
legislated in 1942 and 1943, TMA got the First License issued from
the Social Department of the government. Based on the instruction of
the Social Department of the government in 1948, the Fifth National
Congress met in Chongqing in October 1943 was revised as the First
National Congress and the Sixth National Congress met in Nanjing in
March 1948 was revised as the Second National Congress after the
registration in 1943.
After the government's retreat to Taiwan in 1949, the reelection
of officers became impossible that the organization was unable to
carry on the regular operation. In July 1967 and July 1979, Taipei
City and Kaohsiung City were elevated to municipalities directly
under the jurisdiction of Executive Yuan. Considering both domestic
and international change, the government and the physicians revised
the Medical Practitioners Law, amended the 41-1 article, which is:
“Owing to great changes now besetting the nation, when the national
medical organizations are unable to convene their national
delegates' congresses, they may, upon approval of the government
agencies, assemble as many of their members as possible and conduct
supplementary elections of their directors and supervisors.”
Accordingly, On 4 September 1979 the organization convened the
Second Congress's first conference of the directors and supervisors
as well as the delegates from the membership organizations, making
up through supplementary elections the shortfall in numbers of
directors and supervisors, thereby restoring the organization to
In 1991, the Period of National Mobilization for Suppression of
the Communist Rebellion came to an end; as a result, the 41-1
article of the Medical Practitioner's Law was deleted. The congress
held in May 1992 is as the 3rd National Congress and all the members
of directors and supervisors who were elected from China were
retired. In July 1997, the National Assembly enacted the 9th
Amendment to the Constitution that vacated the provincial structure.
In January 2002, the 31st article of the Medical Practitioner's Law
was revised that the provincial medical organization was vacated.
Thus, TMA was re-organized according to the revised Medical
The mission of the organization is to unite the physicians of the whole country, mediate the relations between the physicians, enhance medical treatment techniques and the common rights, assist with the handling of medical insurance, promote social service, and help with the development of the medical profession.
TMA's highest authority is the Delegates' Congress of the membership, which is composed of the representatives from the members and meets each year. Its responsibilities are to deliberate and pass on the business reports, work plans and budgets, and financial reports of the board of directors, to elect and recall the directors and supervisors, to deliberate and pass on member application fees and annual membership dues, and to deliberate and pass on the bylaws and matters pertaining to the rights and duties of the membership.
The board of directors is comprised of 31 individuals
(including the president, eight standing directors and 22
directors), with a secretary general, who carries out the decisions
of the board of directors and the directives of the president. Below
the board are the medical policy department, the medical insurance
department, the medical affairs assistance and guidance department,
the external relations department, the academic information
department, the financial affairs department, the general affairs
department and the research and planning department, all of which
carry out the related work of the organization.
The responsibilities of the board of directors include the reviewing
of the qualifications of the membership delegates, carrying out the
resolutions of the Delegates' Congress, electing and recalling the
standing directors and the president, passing on the annual plan for
the association's affairs and its budget, and evaluating the
The board of supervisors is comprised of nine individuals
(including one standing supervisor and eight supervisors), and is
responsible for overseeing the carrying out of the resolutions of
the Delegates' Conference by the board of directors, as well as
overseeing the business and the financial report of the board of
directors, electing and recalling of the standing supervisor, and
overseeing the financial assets of the organization.
According to the business requirements of the board of
directors, it may establish various committees to take on research
of related affairs, and formulate plans and promote work for the
board's consideration. At present there are eleven committees, which
include the committee on medical policy, the committee on medical
affairs assistance and guidance, the committee on policy relating to
national health insurance, the committee on medical ethics and
discipline, the committee on medical regulations, the committee on
public relations, the committee on editorial review, the committee
on academic information, the committee on membership welfare, the
committee on international affairs, and the committee on financial
I. Medical Policy Department
A. Medical Policy
1. Research and disposition of medical policy and the medical
2. Research and disposition of medical administration and medical
3. Guarantees and protections of medical duties and rights.
4. Research and disposition of medical resources and manpower supply
and demand in the medical profession.
5. Research and disposition of laws and regulations pertaining to
B. Medical Ethics and Discipline
1. Research and disposition of promotion of the ethics of the
2. Disposition of cases of medical legal judgments.
3. Research and disposition of methods of punishment of membership
for disciplinary violations.
4. Disposition of professional infractions by the organization's
5. Disposition of cases of medical disputes and research of
6. Research and disposition of other medical-related policies,
medical ethics and disciplinary cases.
II. Medical Insurance Department
1. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical
2. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical
insurance laws and regulations.
3. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical
insurance financial system.
4. Research and disposition of policies related to the system of
medical insurance costs and expenditures.
5. Research and disposition of policies related to the standards for
medical insurance costs and expenditures.
6. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical
7. Research and disposition of the medical insurance business.
8. Disposition of cases of infractions by medical insurance
9. Disposition of cases of infractions of the filing for medical
expenses under the medical insurance scheme.
10. Research and disposition of the medical insurance global budget
11. Planning at every organizational level for the medical insurance
global budget system.
12. Research and planning for medical product quality of the medical
insurance global budget system.
13. Calculating and striving for growth rate of medical costs of the
medical insurance global budget system.
14. Calculating and striving for administrative and management costs
of the medical insurance global budget system.
15. Other research and disposition related to the medical insurance
system and profession.
III. Medical Affairs Assistance and Guidance Department
1. Research and disposition of guidance of medical professional
2. Research and disposition of guidance of medical professional
organization, and establishment of medical information
3. Research and disposition of medical professional taxes.
4. Research and disposition of medical product information
communication and management systems.
5. Research and disposition of medical environmental protection and
6. Research and disposition of Health care and welfare for women,
adolescents, the elderly, the weak, and the disabled.
7. Research and disposition of the supply of social medical
8. Disposition of services referred to the organization by
government organizations and other groups.
9. Research and disposition of other matters of benefit to the
development of the medical profession.
IV. External Relations Department
A. Public Relations
1. Liaison and cooperation with government agencies, other
organizations and the media.
2. Advance the interactive relationship with the national
legislature and strive to gain reasonable rights for the physicians.
3. Plan, conduct and participate in all kinds of public activities
that raise the image of the physicians.
4. Plan and organize delegations to visit the medical associations
of other countries, further interchange and promote citizen
5. Planning and disposition of promotion of public relations
B. International Affairs
1. Handling of the International Medical Association and academic
2. Promotion of liaison and cooperation with international medical
3. Collection and translation of medical information from foreign
4. Research and disposition of other international business.
V. Academic Information Department
A. Academic Information
1. Promotion of planning for continuing education of physicians.
2. Mediation of different opinions among the various medical
3. Research and disposition of the rights guarantees of the various
medical professional specialties.
4. Research and disposition of academic education.
5. Collection and management of library materials.
6. Establishment and management of organization membership database.
7. Collection and statistical analysis of medical professional
manpower and medical data.
8. Planning and disposition of editing, publishing and advertising
of the organization's publications.
9. Editing of academic titles and academic reports.
10. Editing of domestic and international medical conferences and
11. Gathering and editing of information on medical administration
and medical affairs.
12. Drafting and editing of information concerning opinion,
organizational activities and general affairs.
13. Establishing, maintaining and update for the web site.
B. Membership Welfare
1. Planning and disposition of members' welfare and recreational
2. Research, planning and disposition of members' insurance
3. Planning and disposition of members' group welfare insurance.
4. Planning and disposition of members' welfare and that of their
5. Planning and disposition of members' liaison activities.
6. Research and disposition of other matters relating to members'
VI. Financial Affairs Department
1. Planning, fundraising, distribution and control of expenses.
2. Distribution and utilization control for each category and
3. Evaluation and examination of results achieved by expenditure
4. Planning for income sources to cover expenditures, and
replenishment of the organization's coffers.
5. Editing of the annual budget and the accounting report.
6. Production of accounting evidence and registry of the books.
7. Review of expenditure income and outgo and hastening of
8. Management of purchasing.
9. Management of registration of assets.
10. Management of hardware and software systems for information
11. Management of electronic data and files.
12. Disposition of electronic information.
13. Disposition of general affairs.
VII. General Affairs Department
1. Planning and promotion of the activities.
2. Planning and disposition of general organizational affairs and
3. Disposition of regulated conference.
4. Organizing and editing of annual task plans and task reports.
5. Tracing the receiving and dispensing of documents and their
6. Establishment and management of the documents and files.
7. Management of and personnel affairs.
8. Promotion of excellent interactive relations between the member
9. Promotion of professional understanding and communication among
the officials in the member organizations.
10. Researching ways to establish greater reliance and confidence on
the part of the members towards the member organizations.
11. Research of promotion of various methods for reform of the work
of the association.
12. Research of ways to improve administrative management and raise
the level of work efficiency.
13. Plan and management of the organizational affairs.
VIII. Research and Planning Department
1. Research and planning on reasonable medical resources allocation
2. Research and planning on improving the quality of medical
services and protection of patient rights.
3. Research and planning on increasing the citizens' health and the
esteem to physicians.
4. Research and planning on the project of cooperation between
5. Research and planning on the development of the medical
associations at all levels.
6. Conducting comparative researches on medical institutions and
7. Research and planning on strengthening the organizational
operation and secure the benefit of the members.
8. Gathering and analysis on information of medical laws and
9. Research and policy development on the medical laws and
10. Research of sundry medical laws and regulations under dispute.
11. Research of professional medical laws and regulations.
Publications of the organization may be divided into those of
fixed frequency and those unfixed. Unfixed-frequency publications
appear according to the professional requirements of the
organization, or may be the result of special research projects.
Regarding the fixed-frequency periodicals, they are as follows.
I. Taiwan Medical Journal
Taiwan Medical Journal began the publication in April 1952 with a
monthly basis. In general, the content can be divided into two
parts. One includes articles submitted by our medical associates,
such as clinical studies, medical administration and professional
affairs, medical opinion, insights gained from medical experience,
and artistic creations. Each article is sent out for peer review, as
well as for the review by editorial conference. Once passed, they
then appear in Taiwan Medical Journal.
The other is the organizational news, which comprises pieces written
by the organization's staff to update the tasks they are handling,
as well as the regulatory information, the minutes of various
meetings and conferences, and the update of the membership.
II. Statistics Yearbook of Practicing
Physicians and Health Care Organizations in Taiwan
Since 1964, TMA referred to the Census Law, the Nationality Law
and KMT Membership Rule to establish it's own Rule of Registering
Membership in the associations. In order to make the data of
registered medical practitioners from the government consist with
those from the association to provides important reference for
research and the public policies, the Department of Health adopted
TMA's recommendation to regulate the physicians to register for the
membership for TMA before applying the official license for
practice. As a result, TMA have the most correct and complete
To ensure that both the government agencies and the organization's
membership have better understanding the medical status quo in
Taiwan, TMA the organization edits and publishes Statistics Yearbook
of Practicing Physicians and Health Care Organizations in Taiwan
every year. It includes census statistical data from the Ministry of
Interior, as well as the data on the numbers of medical students and
graduates from Department of Education. It provides detail
statistical information and reports on medical manpower in Taiwan
and the deployment of medical organizational resources.