中華民國醫師公會全國聯合會
中華民國醫師公會全國聯合會

常見疾病e點通

全 聯 會 相 簿

 

 | 公會簡介 | English | 各縣市醫師公會分布圖 | 聯合會組織圖公會位置 | 本會工作規則 |
 
Historical Background

  The organization was founded in January 1930 in Shanghai. After the Law on Civic Organization and the Medical Practitioners Law was legislated in 1942 and 1943, TMA got the First License issued from the Social Department of the government. Based on the instruction of the Social Department of the government in 1948, the Fifth National Congress met in Chongqing in October 1943 was revised as the First National Congress and the Sixth National Congress met in Nanjing in March 1948 was revised as the Second National Congress after the registration in 1943.

  After the government's retreat to Taiwan in 1949, the reelection of officers became impossible that the organization was unable to carry on the regular operation. In July 1967 and July 1979, Taipei City and Kaohsiung City were elevated to municipalities directly under the jurisdiction of Executive Yuan. Considering both domestic and international change, the government and the physicians revised the Medical Practitioners Law, amended the 41-1 article, which is: “Owing to great changes now besetting the nation, when the national medical organizations are unable to convene their national delegates' congresses, they may, upon approval of the government agencies, assemble as many of their members as possible and conduct supplementary elections of their directors and supervisors.”

  Accordingly, On 4 September 1979 the organization convened the Second Congress's first conference of the directors and supervisors as well as the delegates from the membership organizations, making up through supplementary elections the shortfall in numbers of directors and supervisors, thereby restoring the organization to regular operation.

  In 1991, the Period of National Mobilization for Suppression of the Communist Rebellion came to an end; as a result, the 41-1 article of the Medical Practitioner's Law was deleted. The congress held in May 1992 is as the 3rd National Congress and all the members of directors and supervisors who were elected from China were retired. In July 1997, the National Assembly enacted the 9th Amendment to the Constitution that vacated the provincial structure. In January 2002, the 31st article of the Medical Practitioner's Law was revised that the provincial medical organization was vacated. Thus, TMA was re-organized according to the revised Medical Practitioner's Law.


Mission

  The mission of the organization is to unite the physicians of the whole country, mediate the relations between the physicians, enhance medical treatment techniques and the common rights, assist with the handling of medical insurance, promote social service, and help with the development of the medical profession.  

Organization

  TMA's highest authority is the Delegates' Congress of the membership, which is composed of the representatives from the members and meets each year. Its responsibilities are to deliberate and pass on the business reports, work plans and budgets, and financial reports of the board of directors, to elect and recall the directors and supervisors, to deliberate and pass on member application fees and annual membership dues, and to deliberate and pass on the bylaws and matters pertaining to the rights and duties of the membership.

  The board of directors is comprised of 31 individuals (including the president, eight standing directors and 22 directors), with a secretary general, who carries out the decisions of the board of directors and the directives of the president. Below the board are the medical policy department, the medical insurance department, the medical affairs assistance and guidance department, the external relations department, the academic information department, the financial affairs department, the general affairs department and the research and planning department, all of which carry out the related work of the organization.
The responsibilities of the board of directors include the reviewing of the qualifications of the membership delegates, carrying out the resolutions of the Delegates' Congress, electing and recalling the standing directors and the president, passing on the annual plan for the association's affairs and its budget, and evaluating the results.

  The board of supervisors is comprised of nine individuals (including one standing supervisor and eight supervisors), and is responsible for overseeing the carrying out of the resolutions of the Delegates' Conference by the board of directors, as well as overseeing the business and the financial report of the board of directors, electing and recalling of the standing supervisor, and overseeing the financial assets of the organization.

  According to the business requirements of the board of directors, it may establish various committees to take on research of related affairs, and formulate plans and promote work for the board's consideration. At present there are eleven committees, which include the committee on medical policy, the committee on medical affairs assistance and guidance, the committee on policy relating to national health insurance, the committee on medical ethics and discipline, the committee on medical regulations, the committee on public relations, the committee on editorial review, the committee on academic information, the committee on membership welfare, the committee on international affairs, and the committee on financial affairs.


The Secretariat
 

I. Medical Policy Department
A. Medical Policy
1. Research and disposition of medical policy and the medical system.
2. Research and disposition of medical administration and medical management.
3. Guarantees and protections of medical duties and rights.
4. Research and disposition of medical resources and manpower supply and demand in the medical profession.
5. Research and disposition of laws and regulations pertaining to medical administration.

B. Medical Ethics and Discipline
1. Research and disposition of promotion of the ethics of the organization's membership.
2. Disposition of cases of medical legal judgments.
3. Research and disposition of methods of punishment of membership for disciplinary violations.
4. Disposition of professional infractions by the organization's membership.
5. Disposition of cases of medical disputes and research of prevention.
6. Research and disposition of other medical-related policies, medical ethics and disciplinary cases.


II. Medical Insurance Department
1. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical insurance system.
2. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical insurance laws and regulations.
3. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical insurance financial system.
4. Research and disposition of policies related to the system of medical insurance costs and expenditures.
5. Research and disposition of policies related to the standards for medical insurance costs and expenditures.
6. Research and disposition of policies related to the medical insurance business.
7. Research and disposition of the medical insurance business.
8. Disposition of cases of infractions by medical insurance designated hospitals.
9. Disposition of cases of infractions of the filing for medical expenses under the medical insurance scheme.
10. Research and disposition of the medical insurance global budget system.
11. Planning at every organizational level for the medical insurance global budget system.
12. Research and planning for medical product quality of the medical insurance global budget system.
13. Calculating and striving for growth rate of medical costs of the medical insurance global budget system.
14. Calculating and striving for administrative and management costs of the medical insurance global budget system.
15. Other research and disposition related to the medical insurance system and profession.


III. Medical Affairs Assistance and Guidance Department
1. Research and disposition of guidance of medical professional management.
2. Research and disposition of guidance of medical professional organization, and establishment of medical information communication.
3. Research and disposition of medical professional taxes.
4. Research and disposition of medical product information communication and management systems.
5. Research and disposition of medical environmental protection and disease prevention.
6. Research and disposition of Health care and welfare for women, adolescents, the elderly, the weak, and the disabled.
7. Research and disposition of the supply of social medical services.
8. Disposition of services referred to the organization by government organizations and other groups.
9. Research and disposition of other matters of benefit to the development of the medical profession.


IV. External Relations Department
A. Public Relations
1. Liaison and cooperation with government agencies, other organizations and the media.
2. Advance the interactive relationship with the national legislature and strive to gain reasonable rights for the physicians.
3. Plan, conduct and participate in all kinds of public activities that raise the image of the physicians.
4. Plan and organize delegations to visit the medical associations of other countries, further interchange and promote citizen diplomacy.
5. Planning and disposition of promotion of public relations affairs.

B. International Affairs
1. Handling of the International Medical Association and academic activities.
2. Promotion of liaison and cooperation with international medical professional organizations.
3. Collection and translation of medical information from foreign countries.
4. Research and disposition of other international business.


V. Academic Information Department
A. Academic Information
1. Promotion of planning for continuing education of physicians.
2. Mediation of different opinions among the various medical professional specialties.
3. Research and disposition of the rights guarantees of the various medical professional specialties.
4. Research and disposition of academic education.
5. Collection and management of library materials.
6. Establishment and management of organization membership database.
7. Collection and statistical analysis of medical professional manpower and medical data.
8. Planning and disposition of editing, publishing and advertising of the organization's publications.
9. Editing of academic titles and academic reports.
10. Editing of domestic and international medical conferences and academic activities.
11. Gathering and editing of information on medical administration and medical affairs.
12. Drafting and editing of information concerning opinion, organizational activities and general affairs.
13. Establishing, maintaining and update for the web site.

B. Membership Welfare
1. Planning and disposition of members' welfare and recreational activities.
2. Research, planning and disposition of members' insurance annuities.
3. Planning and disposition of members' group welfare insurance.
4. Planning and disposition of members' welfare and that of their dependents.
5. Planning and disposition of members' liaison activities.
6. Research and disposition of other matters relating to members' welfare.


VI. Financial Affairs Department
1. Planning, fundraising, distribution and control of expenses.
2. Distribution and utilization control for each category and committee expenses.
3. Evaluation and examination of results achieved by expenditure disbursements.
4. Planning for income sources to cover expenditures, and replenishment of the organization's coffers.
5. Editing of the annual budget and the accounting report.
6. Production of accounting evidence and registry of the books.
7. Review of expenditure income and outgo and hastening of collections.
8. Management of purchasing.
9. Management of registration of assets.
10. Management of hardware and software systems for information system.
11. Management of electronic data and files.
12. Disposition of electronic information.
13. Disposition of general affairs.


VII. General Affairs Department
1. Planning and promotion of the activities.
2. Planning and disposition of general organizational affairs and business.
3. Disposition of regulated conference.
4. Organizing and editing of annual task plans and task reports.
5. Tracing the receiving and dispensing of documents and their treatment.
6. Establishment and management of the documents and files.
7. Management of and personnel affairs.
8. Promotion of excellent interactive relations between the member organizations.
9. Promotion of professional understanding and communication among the officials in the member organizations.
10. Researching ways to establish greater reliance and confidence on the part of the members towards the member organizations.
11. Research of promotion of various methods for reform of the work of the association.
12. Research of ways to improve administrative management and raise the level of work efficiency.
13. Plan and management of the organizational affairs.


VIII. Research and Planning Department
1. Research and planning on reasonable medical resources allocation projects.
2. Research and planning on improving the quality of medical services and protection of patient rights.
3. Research and planning on increasing the citizens' health and the esteem to physicians.
4. Research and planning on the project of cooperation between medical organizations.
5. Research and planning on the development of the medical associations at all levels.
6. Conducting comparative researches on medical institutions and regulations.
7. Research and planning on strengthening the organizational operation and secure the benefit of the members.
8. Gathering and analysis on information of medical laws and regulations.
9. Research and policy development on the medical laws and regulations
10. Research of sundry medical laws and regulations under dispute.
11. Research of professional medical laws and regulations.
 


 
The Publication
 
  Publications of the organization may be divided into those of fixed frequency and those unfixed. Unfixed-frequency publications appear according to the professional requirements of the organization, or may be the result of special research projects. Regarding the fixed-frequency periodicals, they are as follows.


I. Taiwan Medical Journal
  Taiwan Medical Journal began the publication in April 1952 with a monthly basis. In general, the content can be divided into two parts. One includes articles submitted by our medical associates, such as clinical studies, medical administration and professional affairs, medical opinion, insights gained from medical experience, and artistic creations. Each article is sent out for peer review, as well as for the review by editorial conference. Once passed, they then appear in Taiwan Medical Journal.
The other is the organizational news, which comprises pieces written by the organization's staff to update the tasks they are handling, as well as the regulatory information, the minutes of various meetings and conferences, and the update of the membership.


II. Statistics Yearbook of Practicing Physicians and Health Care Organizations in Taiwan
  Since 1964, TMA referred to the Census Law, the Nationality Law and KMT Membership Rule to establish it's own Rule of Registering Membership in the associations. In order to make the data of registered medical practitioners from the government consist with those from the association to provides important reference for research and the public policies, the Department of Health adopted TMA's recommendation to regulate the physicians to register for the membership for TMA before applying the official license for practice. As a result, TMA have the most correct and complete physicians, profiles.


  To ensure that both the government agencies and the organization's membership have better understanding the medical status quo in Taiwan, TMA the organization edits and publishes Statistics Yearbook of Practicing Physicians and Health Care Organizations in Taiwan every year. It includes census statistical data from the Ministry of Interior, as well as the data on the numbers of medical students and graduates from Department of Education. It provides detail statistical information and reports on medical manpower in Taiwan and the deployment of medical organizational resources.
 

 

  中華民國醫師公會全國聯合會
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